26.2.1 Preparing to give an injection
Using a new sterile syringe and needle for each injection is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of blood-borne infections.
- Use a new packaged sterile syringe and needle for every injection.
- Inspect the packaging very carefully. Discard a needle or syringe if the package has been punctured, torn or damaged in any way.
- Check the expiry date on the package. Never use needles or associated injection materials that are ‘out of date’.
- Prepare injections in a clean designated area or on a clean surface; in a patient’s home you will need to use a clean dish or tray that you have washed in soap and water, left to air dry and then swabbed with alcohol before laying out the injection equipment.
- Prepare each dose immediately before administering; do not prepare several syringes in advance.
- Do not touch the needle. Discard a needle that has touched a non-sterile surface.
26.2 The safe injection of patients
26.2.2 Avoiding needle-stick injuries