Summary of Study Session 27
In Study Session 27, you have learned that:
- PMTCT is one of the key strategies to prevent the transmission of HIV.
- PMTCT significantly reduces the risk if HIV transmission from mothers to their infants and helps establish a link to other HIV-related comprehensive services.
- Community mobilisation to increase attendance of pregnant women for antenatal care and institutional delivery increases the coverage of PMTCT services in Ethiopia.
- HIV testing and counselling services using the ‘opt out’ approach are provided routinely to pregnant mothers as an entry point for HIV care.
- There are three ARV options for PMTCT, but the most widely used at community level is the single-dose Nevirapine regimen.
- When the AFASS criteria for replacement feeding are not met, then exclusive breastfeeding is the nationally recommended strategy for HIV-positive mothers in Ethiopia. Ideally, HIV-positive mothers should not breastfeed their babies if a replacement feeding option is available.
- The interventions implemented by the FMOH for PTMCT target four components: prevention of new HIV infections, prevention of unwanted pregnancies in HIV-infected women, the use of different ARV drug regimens for PMTCT, and care and support services for HIV-positive mothers and their families.
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27.7 Four interventions for PMTCT in the community
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Self-Assessment Questions (SAQs) for Study Session 27