13.2.4 What is monitored in WASH?

An enormous amount of information is gathered in the regular WASH monitoring process. The following includes only a selection of the types of data collected.

Water supply monitoring includes:

  • location, number, type and current functionality status of water schemes/utilities both in rural and urban areas
  • number and percentage of community users and the levels of service
  • level of satisfaction of user communities
  • quality of scheme/utility management and the level of financial sustainability
  • level of accessibility to spares and repairs for operations and maintenance
  • achievement of construction and rehabilitation targets.

Sanitation and hygiene monitoring includes:

  • number of households with unimproved latrines or better
  • number of households/people using a latrine – and number practising open defecation
  • number of households/people with handwashing facilities near to a latrine
  • number of households/people practising handwashing after defecation or handling children’s faeces.

Institutional WASH monitoring includes:

  • types, functionality and use of drinking water sources either in or near school/institution compounds
  • types, number and use of latrines and handwashing facilities in schools/institutions.

This data, together with the physical and financial WASH reports and household survey data is collected in the National WASH Inventory and related Management Information Systems, which are described in the next section.

13.2.3 Who manages WASH M&E?

13.3 National WASH Inventory and WASH Management Information System