14.3.1 Rural water supply – new construction

Plans for new rural water schemes were developed using several different types and sources of data. In addition to the population and water source information mentioned above, they also considered the range of water supply technologies available, the number of people each could serve, and their service life (how many years each was expected to last). The type of scheme and number for each region depended on the size of geographical area, population and potential source of water. This complex process resulted in plans to create nearly 100,000 new rural water supply schemes across Ethiopia in order to achieve 100% access, of which more than 40,000 are self-supply schemes at household or community level.

  • Do you recall from Study Session 13, roughly how many of these planned new schemes for rural water supply are self-supply schemes?

  • According to the extract from the results framework in Table 13.1, more than 42,000 self-supply water facilities are planned.

The regional distribution and the range of different technologies to be constructed are shown in Table 14.1. Table 14.2 shows how many people were expected to benefit from each of the potential technologies considered. You can see illustrations of a few of these technologies in Figure 14.1.

Table 14.1  New rural water supply facilities by region and type of scheme. (Note: The figures in columns and rows in this table do not add up to the totals shown but are as published in the OWNP document.) (OWNP, 2013)
RegionHousehold-dug well with rope pumpCommunity-dug well with rope pumpDug well with hand pumpCapped spring Spring with piped systemShallow borehole with hand pumpShallow borehole with submersible pumpDeep borehole with piped schemeMulti-village schemeRainwater harvestingCisternHafir damTotal
B. Gumuz71130941422201,476
Dire Dawa325341
Figure 14.1 Examples of water supply schemes from Tables 14.1 and 14.2.
Table 14.2 Estimated beneficiaries by type of scheme. (OWNP, 2013)
Type of schemeNumber of beneficiaries from each new scheme
Household-dug well with rope pump6
Community-dug well with rope pump75
Dug well with hand pump270
Capped spring350
Spring with piped system4000
Shallow borehole with hand pump500
Shallow borehole with submersible pump1500
Deep borehole with piped scheme3500
Multi-village scheme5000
Rainwater harvesting100
Hafir dam500
  • Based on the data in Tables 14.1 and 14.2, approximately how many people in the Harari region are expected to benefit from shallow boreholes with submersible pumps and how many from rainwater harvesting schemes?

  • In the Harari region, the estimates are that 4 shallow boreholes with submersible pumps will serve 4 × 1500 = 3000 people and 30 rainwater harvesting schemes will serve 30 × 100 = 3000 people.

14.3 Plans for rural water supply

14.3.2 Rural water supply - rehabilitation