1.2  Factors involved in the transmission of communicable diseases

Transmission is a process in which several events happen one after the other in the form of a chain. Hence, this process is known as a chain of transmission (Figure 1.1). Six major factors can be identified: the infectious agent, the reservoir, the route of exit, the mode of transmission, the route of entry and the susceptible host. We will now consider each of these factors in turn.

The chain of communicable disease transmission.
Figure 1.1  Factors involved in the chain of communicable disease transmission.

1.1.3  Prevention and control measures

1.2.1  Infectious agents