12.6  Epidemic control

If, using the methods described above, you detect a malaria epidemic, you must implement epidemic control measures immediately. You should also start searching for cases actively (active surveillance is described below) until the number of cases falls below the reference line. The epidemic control measures and actions you should take are summarised in the flow chart in Figure 12.4.

Flow chart for the early detection of malaria epidemics, and for control measures and actions to be taken if an epidemic is detected.
Figure 12.4  Flow chart for the early detection of malaria epidemics, and for control measures and actions to be taken if an epidemic is detected. (Source: Adapted from Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, Guidelines for Epidemic Prevention and Control in Ethiopia, 3rd edition, 2010)

12.5.2  ‘Doubling of cases in a week method’

12.6.1  Epidemic control measures