Skip to content
Skip to main content

About this free course

Become an OU student

Download this course

Share this free course

From sound to meaning: hearing, speech and language
From sound to meaning: hearing, speech and language

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ). This content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Course image: Thomas Rousing in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Licence.

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary and is used under licence.

Taken from book 5 pages 49-81 and pages 83-85 of Sound to meaning: Hearing, speech and Language

Figure 1 Copyright © Tony Camacho/Science Photo Library;

Figure 3, 5, 6, 9 Courtesy of Daniel Nettle;

Figure 7 Holly, R. et al. (1997) ‘Neurobiology of speech perception’, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 20. Copyright © 1997 by Annual Reviews Inc. All rights reserved;

Figure 8 Peterson, G. E. and Barney, H. L. (1952) ‘Control method used in a study of vowels’, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 24, No. 2, March 1952. The Acoustical Society of America. Used by permission of the American Institute of Physics;

Figure 11 Copyright © VVG/Science Photo Library;

Figure 12 Martini et al. (2000, Figures 18–17, p. 483) in Toates, F. (2001) ‘The other sensory systems’, in Biological Psychology, Pearson Education;

Figure 16 Sirigu, A. et al. (1991) ‘The role of sensorimotor experience in object recognition’, Brain, Part VI, p. 2558, by permission of Oxford University Press;

Figure 17 Indefrey, P. et al. (1998) ‘Specific response of the left inferior frontal sulcus to syntactic processing’ (manuscript), by permission of Dr Peter Indefrey;

Figure 18, 19, 20 Reprinted from Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, Friederici, A. D., ‘Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing’, p. 81, Copyright © 2002, Elsevier.

Don't miss out:

If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University - openlearn/ free-courses