3 Endurance exercise: physiological determinants
Although various physiological variables may contribute to endurance performance, the four key physiological determinants of endurance exercise are (according to Joyner and Coyle, 2008; Blumkaitis et al., 2016):
- VO2 max: the maximum amount of oxygen that the body can use
- lactate threshold: the exercise intensity and/or speed at which the body produces more lactate than it can remove
- exercise economy: the energetic cost of exercise
- anaerobic power and/or capacity: the ability to sustain a high level of force.
To understand how to train for endurance effectively you need to understand the importance of these determinants for endurance exercise.