Free course

Animals at the extremes: Hibernation and torpor

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Animals at the extremes: Hibernation and torpor

Hibernation is an ingenious adaptation that some animals employ to survive difficult conditions in winter. This free course, Animals at the extremes: Hibernation and torpor, examines the differences between hibernation and torpor, and discusses the characteristic signs of hibernation behaviour. It explores the triggers that bring on hibernation, and whether internal signals or external season cues are predominant. It also examines the physiological adaptations that occur in hibernating animals.

Course learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • define and use, or recognise definitions and applications of, each of the bold terms
  • give definitions of the terms ‘hibernation’, ‘torpor’ and ‘adaptive hypothermia’, and the three physiological processes that underlie them
  • give examples of the diversity of the major groups of mammals and birds that contain hibernating species
  • describe the physiological changes occurring during entry to hibernation and at least three of the cues that may trigger entry
  • present evidence to show that hibernating mammals and birds retain physiological control of their Tb.

First Published: 09/08/2012

Updated: 17/03/2019

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Course content