Problem-based learning


Problem-based learning is a method that challenges learners to learn by solving problems presented in the form of case studies and simulations.This method enables learners to be self-directed and to acquire lifelong learning skills. Problem-based learning produces critical thinkers and problem solvers as learners integrate knowledge and skills from a number of disciplines. It motivates learners to find and use appropriate learning resources. The method is rooted in the experiential learning tradition. Its characteristics include:

  • Complex, real world situations that do not have one ‘right’ answer
  • The teachers acts as a facilitator
  • It addresses a specific problem while calling for knowledge and skills from several disciplines
  • Tends to be shorter than project-based learning, and follows specific, traditionally prescribed steps
  • The outcome is a proposed solution, expressed in writing or in an oral presentation


Watch the video below and learn in 5 key steps how to integrate Problem-based learning:


Overview of key steps:

  1.  Identify a problem relevant to the curriculum. Focus on complex, real world situations that do not have one right answer (lesson planning)
  2. Split students into small groups, assign the problem to several groups for them to work on (lesson delivery)
  3. Let students investigate the problem and generate ideas from various sources (lesson delivery)
  4. Pose critical questions to enable students analyse ideas and knowledge obtained from various sources (lesson delivery)
  5. Let students present their findings and solutions to the class (lesson delivery)


  Methods for Active Teaching and Learning                                Methods/ Project-based learning

Last modified: Monday, 2 March 2020, 2:34 PM