Assessment rubrics

A rubric is an assessment tool used to clearly state what is expected from the learner. It contains a coherent set of criteria (dimensions on which performance is rated), matched with descriptors (tasks or skills being measured) and levels of performance expected (rating scale).

Rubrics can be used for pre-assessment to clarify expectations and grading methods, for assessment to help evaluators focused and objectively assess the learners on the pre-defined expectations and for post-assessment to give learners a clear explanation of their results. Assessment becomes more objective, consistent, defendable and efficient. Rubrics support learners’ self-reflection and self-assessment as well as communication between teacher and learners.

Steps and resources

  1. Define the assessment criteria and levels of quality, preferably with the learners.
  2. Give time to learners to practice and understand the use of the rubric.
  3. Once learners are familiar with the tool, use it for self, peer or teacher assessment.
  4. Based on the results of self, peer or teacher assessment, teacher gives feedback and guides the learners to improve their work.


  • Use few criteria to keep the rubric user-friendly.
  • Rubrics developed in cooperation with learners, increase their acceptance of assessment.


  4.2 Class assessment tools                                                                                     Student portfolio

Last modified: Wednesday, 19 August 2020, 4:17 PM